- By Theo Gold
- Every day we burn oil, gas and coal.
- We burn them to get electricity power the trains and our homes. We use gas, which is made from oil, to power cars, motorbikes, and trucks.
- When we burn the fuels they release carbon. When the carbon is burned it joins oxygen, and we get carbon dioxide (CO2).
- Around earth’s atmosphere there is a layer of CO2.
- That CO2 gets there by floating up from earth
- from the fuels we burn. When the sun shines down on earth it reflects off the ground and hits the CO2 shield. The shield makes it bounce back to earth. When it hits the shield, not all of the heat can escape, this is called the GREEN HOUSE EFEECT.
So back at earth we keep using all these fuels. When we drive a car we burn fuels, to make the car we burn fuels and to get the parts to make it we burn fuels. So we just made a lot of CO2 just now and the more the worse. “Why?” you ask. Well the more CO2 we make the thicker it gets in the atmosphere, and the thicker it gets the less heat escapes the green house effect. When less heat escapes the green house the more it bounces back to earth which causes more extreme weather.
“How?” oh that’s easy. For tornadoes to form they need to be over a hot surface so they would usually happen at the end of summer when the ground is all hot. Now they can form in earlier in the year because the ground is hotter… and the ground is hotter because… because less heat from the sun is escaping from the atmosphere which heats up the earth year round.